A total joint replacement (or total joint arthroplasty) is a surgical procedure in which certain parts of an arthritic or damaged joint are removed and replaced with a plastic or metal device called prosthesis. The prosthesis is designed to provide renewed stability and joint function. This surgery is done on an inpatient basis in a hospital setting. Joint replacement surgery has a high success rate, resulting in an improved quality of life for many patients.
Knee Replacement: A total knee replacement involves replacing all three compartments of a diseased knee joint. A partial knee replacement involves replacing one or two compartments of a knee, preserving any undamaged portions of the knee. Elimination of pain and improved range of motion are the two main benefits to be gained from either a total or partial knee replacement.
Hip Replacement: A total hip replacement involves replacing the damaged weight-bearing surfaces of the hip with synthetic implants, or prostheses. There are several types of implant materials, each having its own advantage, and your surgeon will discuss these options with you. The surgery is performed to accomplish long-term pain relief and increased mobility.